Standard of Caucasian Mountain dog (Caucasian ovcharka, Shepherd dog, Sheepdog,
Kavkazskaya ovcharka) the FCI standard 328
Brief historical description:
Caucasian Mountain dog (Caucasian ovcharka, Shepherd dog, Sheepdog, Kavkazskaya
ovcharka) - one of the earliest breeds of dogs, has its history from the Dane-like
dogs of Tibet, close in the origin to the shepherd and combat dogs of Asia. Since
olden times these remarkable dogs accompanied cattle-breeders in the extensive
territories, which stretch from steppes and foothills of the Caucasus to the Iranian
upland. In essence this breed was formed under severe conditions of mountains.
Large dog of the rough type, with massive backbone and strong volumetric
musculature. Size somewhat stretched. Sexual type is well expressed - males are
larger, more massive with heavier, larger heads, with expressed mane.
Behavior self-confident, balanced, calm. For the breed is uncharacteristically
uncertain behavior and superfluous excitability.
The lower limit of growth for a male 68 cm, for a female 64 cm. Larger growth is
desirable during the proportional constitution. The ratio of the length of snout to the
length of skull composes 2:3. Dog must not seem by high-foot.
Wide and volumetric cranial part, with developed cheek-bones forehead wide, is
slightly convex, with the noticeable, but not salient superciliary arcs.
Passage from the forehead to the snout:
Short, noticeable, but not sharp.
Massive, volumetric, not lengthened, the well filled in the base and under the eyes
snout; smoothly and evenly narrowing to the nose.
It is somewhat shorter than the length of cranial part.
In full complete set (42 teeth). White, large, well developed, closely fitted to each
other. The bases of cutters are arranged into one line. Bite scissors-like or
straight independent of age.
Small, the oval form, dark, slantwise, are deep and widely planted. Eyelids dry,
Those hanging on the cartilage, small, highly planted, briefly are diluted.
Thick, is somewhat shorter than the length of head, with a lion's mane, set at the
angle of 30-40 degrees with respect to the line of back. Insignificant suspension is
The appreciable, is well developed, wide, brawny, which comes forward above the
line of back.
Back is wide, is straight/direct, strong/firm, sinewy
Short, wide, sinewy, somewhat convex.
Wide, sinewy, moderately long, rounded, almost horizontal.
Lowered to the line of elbows or below, long, wide, rounded in the section. Ribs are
noticeably bent, false ribs are well developed. The forward section of the breast
somewhat comes forward with respect to the arm-vane joints.
Highly-set, in the calm state omitted. Crescent-shaped, by hook or by ring.
During the inspection from the front straight lines, widely and parallel. The length
of front paws to the elbow somewhat more or is equal to half of the height of dog in
the withers. Index of hight 50 or somewhat more.
The straight lines, massive, in the section are rounded, are sinewy, are moderately
long. Elbows are directed strictly back.
Short, massive, are set almost vertically.
With the inspection from behind - straight lines and parallel, on the side -
somewhat rectified in the knee. Posture of rear paws not set aside.
Thigh and shin:
Short. Are strong, wide, angles somewhat rectified.
Massive, vertically set.
Large, rounded, in the lump.
Free, usually leisurely. Characteristic pace is the lynx, upon the acceleration usually
passing into a somewhat heavy gallop. During the motion the feet must move
rectilinearly with a certain proximity of front/leading extremities to the center line.
The joints of front/leading and rear extremities freely are unbent. Withers and
croup on the lynx are located on the same level, the line of the top in relative rest.
Thick, sufficiently elastic.
Woolen is fur the straight line, rough, with the thick underfur. Is shorter, closely
fitted on the head and the fronts of the feet of hair. Depending on the length of
fur two forms of the woolen cover are distinguished: - long-haired. Long hair forms
on the neck " mane ", on the backs of extremities " combings " and " pants ". The
long fur, which covers tail from all sides, makes with its thick and downy; -
short-haired - with the thick, relatively short fur. " mane ", " combings ", "
suspension " on the tail are absent. Fur by length is not less than 4 cm in the region
Diverse: gray - from the dark gray, the almost black, to the light pale gray,
including zone-gray; white; tiger - from the dark-auger- tiger almost black, to the
light-pale-yellow-tiger. With single-tone color are encountered black mask/shield,
white marks on the breast, the stomach, the paws, the tip of tail. There are
speckled and spotty color of the enumerated shades; however, is preferable
continuous color. They are undesirable: widespread extensive piebald. Specks on the
snout and paws.
The height in the withers for a male not lower than 68, for a female - is not below
64 cm. desirable height for males - 72 - 75 cm., for females - 66 - 69 cm.
Lightness or the friability of constitution, poor bones, square or strongly stretched
housing. Expressed dewlap.
Small, light, disproportionate to housing head. Convex forehead, the chamfered back
of the head. Long, light, pointed, strongly pulled up or omitted snout, weak lower
jaw. Sharp passage from the forehead to the snout. Plications of the skin on the
head, brill, the damp, sagged eyelids.
Very large, convex, circular, very bright with the blue or yellowish-green nuance
eyes. Sagged eyelids, strongly developed third eyelid.
Small, rare, much destroyed teeth.
Narrow, sagged or humpbacked back .
Narrow, long, humpbacked or sagged back .
Narrow, short, sharply chamfered croup.
Underdeveloped, flat, narrow, small, short chest .
Straight or sharp arms, the short, bent or thin forearms, weak metacarpuies, weak
elbows Strongly expressed highly-backawn, the superfluously expressed or flat
angles, the strongly drawn off posture, weak bonds. Narrow mill/posture of limbs.
Flat, dissolved paws.
Spreading lynx, untypical for the species/rock superfluously sweeping motions. The
connected heavy movements. Sharp highly-backawn in the motion. Unbalanced motions.
Height in the withers for males lower than 65, for females below 62 cm.
Behavior / temperament:
Cowardice, choleric, the unguided aggressiveness. Cowardice, unrestrained
Male dogs in female type.
All deviations from the standart bite, absence of any tooth.
Soft, wavy, very short (mole) fur.
Black color in all variations (except black mask), hepatic color in all variations or
blue of color in all variations. Genetically weakened pigmentation: ashy in combination
with the gray encircling of eye-lids and by bright eyes; the pale-yellow or darkishly
pale-yellow in combination with the brown encirclings of eye-lids also of lips, with
the brown lobe of nose and the bright eyes. Cryptorchism complete or one-sided.